— 07.09.2017, por Hubert Mazurek
Half of humanity – 3.5 billion people – currently lives in cities. By 2050, this proportion is expected to reach two thirds of the world’s population. 95% of urban growth is concentrated in large African, Latin American and Asian cities. The major challenges of the 21st century lie in these urban areas. Not only do they represent drivers of economic growth and innovation, they are also places with significant levels of insecurity and vulnerability, social instability and inequality, environmental pollution, etc.
To “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”*, we then have to, from now on, look at the inequalities, failures and transformations that are currently occurring. There are many challenges ahead. These include sharing urban markets, access to housing, work and basic services (water, energy, health, education), risk management and urban disaster management... IRD researchers, their academic partners (universities and research centers), the Agence française de développement (AFD), with decision-makers and local operators, gather information, describe and analyse urban development in southern countries. Taking advantage of the thematic research alliances, as Allenvi and Aviesan, scientists provide their expertise and train, through research, the designers and «builders» of the city of the future.
*Goal no. 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the member states of the United Nations on 25 September 2015.pdf